The aardwolf is a small, insectivorous mammal, native to East Africa and Southern Africa. Its name means “earth wolf” in the Afrikaans / Dutch language. It is also called “maanhaar jackal”.
The aardwolf is in the same family as the hyenas. Unlike its relatives, the carnivora, the aardwolf does not hunt large animals, or even eat meat on a regular basis; instead it eats insects, mainly termites – one aardwolf can eat about 200,000 termites during a single night by using its long, sticky tongue to capture them.
Aardwolves live in open, dry plains and bushland, avoiding mountainous areas. Due to specific food requirements, they are only found in regions where termites of the family Hodotermitidae occur.
Termites of this family depend on dead and withered grass and are most populous in heavily grazed grasslands and savannahs, including farmland. For most of the year, aardwolves spend time in shared territories consisting of up to a dozen dens, which are occupied for six weeks at a time.
Taxidermy (Hunting Aardwolf):
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Facts about the Aardwolf:
Several aardwolf females would give birth in the same den
Black-backed jackal feed on the young of aardwolf
The two parents of a breeding pair share their territory, but forage and sleep separately
When defecating, an aardwolf can deposit 10% of its body weight in faeces that are 2 inches in diameter, mainly consisting of termite heads and soil